Spendýr - Mammals


Spendýr eru međ mjólkurkirtla, feld eđa hár og heitt blóđ.Til um 5500 tegundir. Fćđa flest lifandi afkvćmi, nema nefdýr verpa eggjum. Spendýr skiptast í: Jöxlungar, Fylgjudýr, Pokadýr, Nefdýr og nokkrir útdauđir flokkar.

Fylgjudýr skiptast ennfremur í: Teinrekudýr, Klaufdýr, Rándýr, Hvalir, Leđurblökur, Feldvćngjur, Hnubbar, Skordýraćtur, Nartarar, Risasnjáldur, Hófdýr, Hreisturdýraćtt, Prímatar, Fílar, Nagdýr, Trjásnjáldur, Sćkýr og fleiri útdauđar tegundir

Fylgjudýr - Placentalia

Teinrekudýr - Afrosoricoda
   Teinrekudýr - Afrosoricoda
Klaufdýr - Artiodactyla
   Klaufdýr - Artiodactyla - um 220 tegundir
Suina
Svínaćtt
  • Hjartarsvín
  • Risaskógarsvín
  • Vörtusvín - Aethiopicus - Warthog
  • Kjarrsvín
  • Eiginleg svín
Flóđhestar - Hippopotamus
   Flóđhestur - Amphibius - Hippopotamus
Naflasvín
Tylopoda
   Úlfaldaćtt
Jórturdýr - Ruminantia
Dverghirtir - Tragulidae
Moskushjartaćtt - Moshidae
Hjartardýr - Cervidae
Gíraffar - Giraffidae
  • Reticulata - Somali giraffe
  • Angolensis - Smoky giraffe
  • Antiquorum - Kordofan giraffe
  • Tippelskirchi - Masai / Kilimanjaro giraffe
  • Camelopardis - Nubian giraffe
  • Rotschildi - Rotschild giraffe
  • Giraffa - South african giraffe
  • Thornicrofti - Thornicroft / Rhodesian giraffe
  • Peralta - West african giraffe
Kvistantilópur - Antilocapridae
Slíđurhyrningar - Bovidae
Bovinae
Boselaphini
Tetracerus
   Quadricornis - Four-horned antelope
Boselaphus
   Bláuxi - Tragocamelus - Nilgai - Blue bull
Bovini
Bubalus
   Vatnabuffalo - Water buffalo
Bos
  • Yak
  • Nautgripir
Syncerus
   Caffer - African buffalo
Strepsicerotini
Tragelaphus
  • Spekeii - Sitatunga
  • Angasii - Nyala - s-african antelope
  • Runnahafur - Scriptus - Bushbuck
  • Buxtoni - Mountain Nyala
  • Imberbis - Lesser Kudu
  • Kuduantilópa - Strepsiceros - Greater Kudu
  • Skógarhafur - Eurycerus - Bongo
Taurotragus
  • Elgantilópa - Oryx - Common Eland
  • Derbianus - Giant Eland
Antilópur - Antilopinae
Antilopini tribe
Antidorcas
   Stökkhjörtur - Marsupialis - Springbok
Antilope
   Cervicapra - Blackbuck
Gazelle
  • Gazella - Mountain gazelle
  • Spekei - Speke's gazella
  • Dorcas - Dorcas gazelle
  • Thomson's gazelle
Litocranius
   Gíraffagazella - Gerenuk - Walleri
Procapra
  • Zeren
  • Goa
Saigini tribe
  • Pantholops
  • Saiga
Neotragini tribe
Madoqua
  • Gunther's Dik-dik
  • Ranahnyđra - Kirk's Dik-dik
  • Piacentinii - Silver Dik-dik
  • Salt's Dik-dik
Oreotragus
   Klettahafur - Oreotragus - Klipspringer - small african antelope
Ourebia
   Grámagi - Ourebi - Oribi
Raphicerus
   Campestris - Steenbuk - smávaxin antilópa
Caprinae
Capra
  • Wild goat
  • Nubian ibex
Oreamnos
   Rocky mountain goat
Ovis
   Sauđfé - Ovis aries - Sheeps
Cephalophinae
Cephalophus
  • Black Duiker
  • Sebrakúfa - Zebra Duiker
  • lot of Duiker's - kjarrantilóputegund
Sylvicapra
   Grimmia - Grey duiker - Common Duiker
Hippotraginae
Hippotragus
  • Equinus - Roan antelope
  • Sverđantilópa - Niger - Sable antelope
  • Leucophaeus - Bluebuck
Oryx
  • Beisa - East african oryx
  • Scimitar oryx - Dammah
  • Spjóthafur - Steppuantilópa - Gazella - Gemsbok - Common oryx
  • Leucoryx - Arabian oryx
Addax
Reduncinae
Kobus
  • Ellipsiprymnus - Waterbuck
  • Kob
Redunca
   some Reedbuck's
Aepycerotinae
   Melampus - Impala - medium-big african antelope
Peleinae
   Capreolus - Grey Rhebok
Alcelphinae
Beatragus
   Hirola
Damaliscus
  • Korrigum
  • Lunatus - Tsessebe
  • Dorcas - Bontebok
Alcelaphus
  • Kýrantilópa - Buselaphus - Hartebeest
  • Caama - Red Hartebeest
Connochaetes
  • Gnýr - Gnou - Black Wildebeest - african antelope
  • Taurinus - Blue Wildebeest
Pantholopinae
   Tibetan Antelope
Rándýr - Carnivora
   Rándýr - carnivora - yfir 260 tegundir
Kattarleg - Feliformia
Kattardýr - Felidae - 36 ţekktar tegundir
Litlir kettir - Felinae - Small cats
Acinonyx
   Blettatígur - Jubatus - Cheetah - with solid dark spots, runs up to 100 km/h
Eyđimerkurgaupa - Caracal - African lynx
Catopuma
  • Bay cat
  • Gullköttur - Asian golden cat
Smákettir - Felis
Villiköttur - Wild cat
  • Evrópski villikötturinn
  • Afríski villikötturinn - Sylvestris - African wild cat
  • Asíski villikötturinn
  • Köttur - Cat
Sandköttur - Margarita - Sand cat
Frumskógarköttur - Chaus - Jungle cat
Nigripes - Black footed cat
Kínverskur eyđimerkurköttur - Bieti - Chinese mountain cat
Manúlköttur - Otocolobus
   Pallas's cat - small wild cat in central Asia
Parduskettir - Leopardus
  • Pardusköttur - Pardalis - Ocelot
  • Gresjuköttur - Colocolo
  • Andesköttur - Jacobita - Andean mountain cat
Leptailurus
   Servalköttur - Serval - found in African savanna
Gaupa - Lynx - lifa á norđurhveli jarđar
  • Evrasíugaupa - Eurasian
  • Íberíugaupa - Iberian
  • Kanadagaupa - Canadian
  • Rauđgaupa - Bobcat
Hlébarđakettir - Pardofelis
   Hlébarđaköttur - Marmorata - Marbled cat
Prionailurus
   Dvergtígurköttur - Bengalensis - Leopard cat
Profelis
   Aurata - African golden cat
Puma
  • Fjallaljón - Concolor - Cougar - Mountain lion
  • Marđarköttur - Jaguarundi
Stórir kettir - Pantherinae - Big cats
Neofelis
  • Skuggahlébarđi - Nebulosa - Clouded leopard
  • Bornean clouded leopard
Uncia
   Snćhlébarđi - Uncia - Snow leopard
Stórkettir - Panthera
  • Ljón - Leo - Lion
  • Tígrisdýr - Tigris - Tiger
  • Hlébarđi - Pardus - Leopard - with black rosettes
  • Jagúar - Onca - Jaguar
Machairodontinae - útdauđ
Mongus - Herpestidae - um 30 tegundir
Galerella
  • Black slender mongoose
  • Cape grey mongoose
  • Sanguinea - Slender mongoose - Black tailed mongoose - found in Africa
  • Namaqua slender mongoose
Ichneumia
   Albicauda - White tailed mongoose
Suricata
   Suricatta - Meerkat - found in Kalahari desert and south Africa
Helogale
  • Desert dwarf mongoose
  • Parvula - Dwarf mongoose - found in Africa
Mungos
  • Gambian mongoose
  • Mungo - Banded mongoose - found in central and east Africa
Hýenur - Hyaenidae - Hyena
Hyaninae
  • Crocuta - Spotted hyena - found in Africa
  • Hyaena - Striped hyena - found in Africa, Asia and occasionally in Turkey
  • Parahyaena - Brown hyena - found mainly in Kalahari and Namib desert
Protelinae
   Jarđúlfur - Cristata - Aardwolf - found in east and south Africa
Nandiniidae
   Binotata - African palm civet - Tree civet - native to forest of eastern Africa
Nimravidae - útdauđ
Ţefkettir eđa Deskettir - Vivarridae - Civet
Civettictis
   Civetta - African civet - native to tropical Africa
Genetta
  • Abyssinian genet
  • Angolan genet
  • Bourlon's genet
  • Crested genet
  • Genetta - Common genet - Small spotted genet, Europe genet - found in Africa, Middle east and southern Europe
  • Johnston's genet
  • Panther genet
  • Pardine genet
  • King genet
  • Servaline genet
  • Thierry's genet
  • Tigrina - Large spotted genet - Cape genet - found in Africa
  • Giant genet
Osbornictis
   Aquatic genet - from northeast Zaire
Hundaleg - Caniformia
Ailuridae
   Rauđa pandan
Amphicyonidae
   Björnhundar - útdauđ
Hundaćtt - Canidae
Eiginlegir hundar - Canini
Canis
Sléttuúlfur - Coyote
Úlfur - Wolf
  • Gráúlfur - Gray wolf
  • Hundur - Dog
  • Lupus - Dingo
Rauđúlfur - Red wolf
Eţíópíuúlfur
Sjakali - Jackal
  • Gullinsjakali - Aureus - Golden Jackal
  • Randsíđusjakali - Adustus - Side striped Jackal
  • Svarbakssjakali - Mesomelas - Black backed Jackal
Lycaon
   Afrískur villihundur - Pictus - African wild dog
Cuon
Nyctereutes
   Ţvottabjörnshundur - Raccoon dog - found in east Asia
Atelocynus
Speothos
   Búskhundur
Chrysocyon
   Gullinhundur
Dusicyon - útdauđ
   Falklandseyjarefur
Pseudalopex
  • Darwinsrefur
  • Argentínskur grárefur
Cerdocyon
   Krabbaćturefur
Refir - Vulpini - Fox - um 27 tegundir
Vulpes
  • Rauđrefur - Red fox
  • Bengalrefur - Bengal fox
  • Tíbetskur refur - Tibetan fox
  • Blanfords refur
  • Chama - Cape fox
  • Swift fox
  • Kit fox
  • Rueppels refur
  • Eyđimerkurrefur - Zerda - Fennec - found in Sahara desert
Alopex
   Heimskautarefur - Arctic fox
Otocyon
   Megalotis - Bat eared fox - found in African savanna
Urocyon
  • Grárefur - Gray fox
  • Eyjarefur - Island fox
Ţefdýr eđa Skunkar - Mephitidae
Merđir - Mustalidae
Otrar - Lutrinae
Lutra
  • Eurasian otter
  • Hairy nosed otter
Hydrictis
   Speckle throated otter - native to sub-sahara Africa
Lutrogale
   Smooth coated otter
Lontra
  • Northern river otter
  • Southern river otter
  • Neotropical river otter
  • Marine otter
Pteronura
   Giant otter
Aonyx
  • African clawless otter - Cape clawless otter - found near water in savannah and lowland forest areas
  • Congo clawless otter
  • Oriental small clawed otter
Enhydra
   Sćotur - Lutris - Sea otter
Greifingjar - Melinae
Hunangsgreifingjar - Mellivorinae
   Capensis - Ratel - Honey badger
Sléttugreifingjar - Taxidiinae
   American badger
Eiginlegir merđir - Mustelinae
  • Jarfi - Gulo - Wolverine
  • Mörđur - Mustela - Weasel - includes many subspecies including European mink
  • Neovison - New world mink, American mink
  • Poecilogale - African striped weasel
Rostungaćtt - odobenidae
Rostungur - Rosmarus - Walrus
  • Atlantshafsrostungur
  • Kyrrahafsrostungur
Eyrnaselir - Otariidae
Lođselir - Arctocephalus
  • Alaska lođselur
  • Kerguelen lođselur
  • Guapaloupe lođselur
  • Filippslođselur
  • Galapagoslođselur
  • Ástralskur lođselur
  • Gerogíulođselur
  • Trúđselur
  • Suđur georgíulođselur
Sćljón
  • Stellarssćljón
  • Kaliforníusćljón
  • Patagóníusćljón
  • Nýja-Sjálandssćljón
  • Maórí sćljón
Selaaett - Phocidae
Munkaselur - Monk seal
Sćfíll - Elephant seal
Átuselur
Weddelsselur
Pardusselur
Rossselur
Kampselur
Selaćttkvísl - Phocini
  • Landselur - Common seal
  • Vöđuselur
  • Hringanóri
  • Bajkalselur
  • Kaspíaselur
  • Beltanóri
Útselur
Blöđruselur
Hálfbirnir - Procyonidae
Bjarndýr - Ursidae
Ailuropodinae
   Panda
Tremarctinae
   Gleraugnabjörn
Ursinae
Skógarbjörn - Brown bear
  • Sýrlandsbjörn
  • Grizzly björn
  • Kodiak björn
  • Himalaya björn
  • Atlasbjörn
Ísbjörn - Polar bear
Svartbjörn
Kragabjörn
Malajabjörn
Letibjörn - Sloth bear
Nokkrar útdauđar tegundir
   Ursus minimus, Ursus etruscus, Ursus spelaeus
Hvalir - Cetacea - Whales
Skíđishvalir
   Stórhveli
Tannhvalir
Fornhvalir - útdauđ
Leđurblökur - Chiroptera - Bats
   Leđurblökur - chiroptera - um 1100 tegundir
Stórblökur
Smáblökur
Feldvćngjur - Dermoptera
   2 species exist
Hnubbar - Hyracoidea
Skordýraćtur - Insectivora
Nartar - Lagomorpha
   species of Pikas, Rabbits and Hares
Risasnjáldur - Macroscelidea - Elephant shrew
Hófdýr - Perissodactyla - Odd-toed ungulate
Equidae
Tapiridae
   4 types of Tapirs from different places
Rhinocerotidae
Hreisturdýraćtt - Pholidota - Anteaters
Prímatar - Primates
   Prímatar eđa fremdardýr - primates
Hálfapar - Strepsirrhini
Lemúrar - Lemuriformes
Múslemúrar - Cheirogaleidae
Lemuroidae
  • Lemúraćtt - Lemuridae
  • Lepilemuridae
  • Indrar
Chiromyiformes
   Nagapaćtt - Daubentoniidae
Lorisiformes
  • Letiapar - Lorisidae
  • Galagóapar - Galagidae - Bushbaby - native to Africa
Apar - Haplorrhini - Monkey
Tarsiiformes
   Draugapar - Tarsiidae
Simiiformes
Vesturapar - Platyrrhini
  • Griprófuapar - Cebidae
  • Aotidae
  • Pitheciidae
  • Ateliidae
Austurapar - Catarrhini
Stökkapar - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecini
Chlorocebus
   also includes: Macaque, Mangabey and Talapoin
  • Green monkey
  • Aethiops - Vervet monkey - found around South Africa
  • Malbrouck - found in East Africa, most common primates in Africa
Papio
  • Hamadryas Baboon
  • Guinea Baboon
  • Olice Baboon
  • Yellow Baboon - found in savannas and light forests in East Africa
  • Hundapi - Ursinus - Chacma Baboon - Cape Baboon - found in Southern Africa
Colobinae
   includes: Colobus, Langur, Lutung, Surili and Douc
Mannapar - Hominoidae
Gibbonapar - Hylobatidae
Mannćtt - Hominidae
Ponginae
   Órangútar - Pongo
Homininae
  • Górillur
  • Simpansar - Pan
  • Menn - Homo - Humans
Fílar - Proboscidea - Elephants
Elephantidae
Nagdýr - Rodentia
   around 2000-3000 species
Anomaluromorpha
Castorimorpha
   Beavers, Pocket gophers, Kangaroo rats and Mice
Hystricomorpha
   Porcupines and some Rats
Hystricognathi
Hystricidae
   Hystrix - Old world pocupines
  • Puntsvín - Africaeaustralis - Cape Porcupine
  • African brush tailed porcupine
Myomorpha
   Mice, Rats, Hamsters, Lemming and Voles
Sciuromorpha
Aplodontiidae
   Mountain beaver
Sciuridae
   Squirrels, Chipmunks, Marmots etc.
Xerinae
   Xerux - African ground squirrels - Only found in Africa
  • Erytrophus - Striped ground squirrel
  • Inauris - Cape ground squirrel
  • Princeps - Damara ground squirrel
  • Rutilus - Unstriped ground squirrel
Gliridae
   Dormice
Trjásnjáldur - Scandentia - Treeshrews
Sćkýr - Sirenia

Pokadýr - Marsupialia

Ránpokadýr
Pokarottur
Pokagrasbítar
Sílópokarottur
Pokamoldvörpur
Pokasnjáldur
Pokagreifingjar

Nefdýr - Monotremata

Nefdýr


Kristján Hreinsson main page - khr@flakkari.net
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